ERIC Number: EJ1021819
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
The Impact of Standards-Based Reform: Applying Brantlinger's Critique of "Hierarchical Ideologies"
Bacon, Jessica; Ferri, Beth
International Journal of Inclusive Education, v17 n12 p1312-1325 2013
Brantlinger's [2004b. "Ideologies Discerned, Values Determined: Getting past the Hierarchies of Special Education." In "Ideology and the Politics of (in)Exclusion," edited by L. Ware, 11-31. New York: Peter Lang Publishing] critique of hierarchical ideologies lays bare the logics embedded in standards-based reform. Drawing on Brantlinger's insightful analysis, we trace how hierarchical ideologies impacted inclusive practice at one urban elementary school, deemed "failing" under the No Child Left Behind Act. Drawing on the qualitative analysis of data from interviews, public forums, and documents, we chart some of the negative effects of hierarchical ideologies on inclusive practice. We illustrate, for instance, how the school instituted a variety of segregated programmes aimed at increasing test scores. We also uncover how grade-level expectations and the need for content modification were used to justify exclusion. Finally, we examine how graduation requirements negatively impacted students with disabilities.
Descriptors: Educational Change, Inclusion, Special Education, Urban Schools, Educational Practices, Elementary School Students, Qualitative Research, Interviews, Standards, Criticism, Politics of Education, Disabilities, Graduation Requirements, Academic Failure, Federal Legislation, Ideology, Educational Legislation, Equal Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001