ERIC Number: EJ1021792
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Progressive Reformers and the Democratic Origins of Citizenship Education in the United States during the First World War
Wegner, Kathryn L.
History of Education, v42 n6 p713-728 2013
The birth of formal citizenship education in the United States emerged in the context of mass immigration, the Progressive Movement, and the First World War. Wartime citizenship education has been chastised for its emphasis on patriotism and loyalty, and while this is a trend, historians have minimised the ways in which the democratic goals of the Progressive Movement at large also shaped citizenship education in its infancy. The paper situates citizenship education within the larger and broader aims of the Progressive Movement, and then looks at two federal agencies, the Bureau of Education and the Bureau of Naturalization, which produced and distributed the first citizenship curricula to the nation's teachers. Ultimately, analysis of their citizenship textbook and teachers' manual show that, even during war, it was assumed that through education any person, regardless of nationality or gender, could access citizenship, this being a very democratic mission in a paranoid moment.
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Patriotism, Immigration, Educational Trends, Educational History, Federal Government, Public Agencies, Textbooks, Content Analysis, Teaching Guides, War, Democracy, Politics, Nationalism, Curriculum
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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