NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1021641
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0268-0939
Raising the Stakes: High-Stakes Testing and the Attack on Public Education in New York
Hursh, David
Journal of Education Policy, v28 n5 spec iss p574-588 2013
Over the last almost two decades, high-stakes testing has become increasingly central to New York's schools. In the 1990s, the State Department of Education began requiring that secondary students pass five standardized exams to graduate. In 2002, the federal No Child Left Behind Act required students in grades three through eight to take math and language arts tests. Results from the state and federal tests are not only used to assess students but also to evaluate schools, with poorly performing schools facing overhaul and potentially privatization. Most recently, President Obama's "Race to the Top" competition requires evaluating teachers based on their students' test scores which, because of the way in which New York has constructed the grading curve, most teachers will be rated as "ineffective." Standardized testing, along with other neoliberal reforms such as granting the mayor of New York City control of the public schools, has been promoted as providing more objective assessments and increasing educational efficiency. However, I will suggest that high-stakes testing has come about as part of a larger neoliberal agenda to disparage public institutions and educators to justify reducing public expenditures and privatizing schools. Further, a brief review of testing and other policies indicates that they are neither objective nor efficient.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Journal Articles
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001; Race to the Top
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A