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ERIC Number: EJ1021639
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0268-0939
Expert Moves: International Comparative Testing and the Rise of Expertocracy
Grek, Sotiria
Journal of Education Policy, v28 n5 spec iss p695-709 2013
Through a sociological analysis of the knowledge and actors that have become central to international assessments, the paper focuses on the processes that influence the production of shared narratives and agendas, adopting the position that their existence is not organic, but rather the product of undertakings that often fabricate and manage, rather than strive for "real" consensus. The paper suggests that limiting the analysis to the role of travel and exchanges of experts and policy-makers in the making of policy is, in fact, the construction of an "ideal-type" of an international policy-making world. Recent research on these encounters suggests that one needs to focus on actors' conflict and struggles, rather than processes of "collective puzzling". Using the concept of "political work", as well as elements of Bourdieu's field theory, the paper shows the ways that international comparative testing in the field of education has not only offered policy-makers with much needed data to govern, but has in fact almost fused the realms of knowledge and policy; expertise and the selling of undisputed, universal policy solutions have now drifted into one single entity and function.
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Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Journal Articles
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: International Adult Literacy Survey; Program for International Student Assessment