ERIC Number: EJ1021399
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
Exploring Individual Differences in Language Validation
Singer, Murray; Doering, Jeffrey C.
Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v51 n1-2 p167-188 2014
Understanders appear to routinely and immediately evaluate the congruence of discourse at many levels of analysis, processes often labeled "validation." This study was an initial exploration of individual differences in discourse validation. Text "reading-time" profiles were examined as a function of two negligibly correlated reader qualities: first, their working memory resources (indexed by reading span), and second, their "accessing" of relevant antecedent message ideas and world knowledge in the service of comprehension. Participants read narratives bearing a target sentence that was either true or false with reference to the preceding text and was expressed either in the affirmative or negative. For low-access readers, reading time was greater for false than for true affirmative target sentences and vice versa for negative targets, mirroring a familiar pattern of intentional sentence verification. In contrast, for high-access readers, reading time was greater for false than for true sentences regardless of affirmative/negative expression. Regression analysis suggested that all subjects validated the target sentence but that only high-access readers were also sensitive to subtle pragmatic discourse influences. Unexpectedly, there was a generally similar truth × negation × reading span interaction profile. However, because that effect did not attain conventional significance levels, its implications are viewed only as suggestive.
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Reading Rate, Profiles, Short Term Memory, Regression (Statistics), Reading Comprehension, Reading Processes, Foreign Countries, Task Analysis, Correlation
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada