ERIC Number: EJ1021254
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Optimizing Cognitive Development over the Life Course and Preventing Cognitive Decline: Introducing the Cognitive Health Environment Life Course Model (CHELM)
Anstey, Kaarin J.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v38 n1 p1-10 Jan 2014
Optimal cognitive development is defined in this article as the highest level of cognitive function reached in each cognitive domain given a person's biological and genetic disposition, and the highest possible maintenance of cognitive function over the adult life course. Theoretical perspectives underpinning the development of a framework for understanding optimal cognitive development are described, including differential development, intra-individual dynamics, cascades, biological mechanisms, reserve capacity, and plasticity. The Cognitive Health and Environment Life Course Model (CHELM) is proposed as a means to provide a framework for understanding the socio-demographic, lifestyle, and health factors influencing cognitive development and decline. The CHELM may guide framing of policy and interventions to optimize cognitive development and minimize cognitive decline in late-life.
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Models, Genetics, Cognitive Ability, Biology, Life Style, Health, Intervention, Guidelines, Dementia, Risk, Longitudinal Studies, Diseases, Neurology, Pathology, Futures (of Society)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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