ERIC Number: EJ1021243
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 84
An Investigation of Children's Peer Trust across Culture: Is the Composition of Peer Trust Universal?
Betts, Lucy R.; Rotenberg, Ken J.; Petrocchi, Serena; Lecciso, Flavia; Sakai, Atsushi; Maeshiro, Kazumi; Judson, Helen
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v38 n1 p33-41 Jan 2014
The components of children's trust in same-gender peers (trust beliefs, ascribed trustworthiness, and dyadic reciprocal trust) were examined in samples of 8-11-year-olds from the UK, Italy, and Japan. Trust was assessed by children's ratings of the extent to which same-gender classmates kept promises and kept secrets. Social relations analyses confirmed that children from each country showed significant: (a) actor variance demonstrating reliable individual differences in trust beliefs, (b) partner variance demonstrating reliable individual differences in ascribed trustworthiness, and (c) relationship variance demonstrating unique relationships between interaction partners. Cultural differences in trust beliefs and ascribed trustworthiness also emerged and these differences were attributed to the tendency for children from cultures that value societal goals to share personal information with the peer group.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Trust (Psychology), Children, Peer Relationship, Cross Cultural Studies, Individual Differences, Cultural Differences, Elementary School Students, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy; Japan; United Kingdom