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ERIC Number: EJ1021229
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-2194
The Representation of Roots in the Spelling of Children with Specific Language Impairment
Deacon, S. Hélène; Cleave, Patricia L.; Baylis, Julia; Fraser, Jillian; Ingram, Elizabeth; Perlmutter, Signy
Journal of Learning Disabilities, v47 n1 p13-21 Jan-Feb 2014
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) have demonstrated general spelling and writing difficulties. We investigated the sensitivity of children with SLI to the consistent spelling of root morphemes, a feature to which young typically developing children demonstrate sensitivity. We asked children with SLI and two groups of typically developing children ("n" = 17 in each group) to spell the same letter-sound sequence (e.g., "win") as a root, and as a component of inflected, derived, and control words (e.g., "win," "wins," "winner," "wink"). Children with SLI and spelling-age-matched children (mean age of 9 and 7 years, respectively) were more accurate and more consistent in spelling the initial sections of the inflected and derived words than of the control words, a pattern that suggests sensitivity to the representation of roots in spelling. The absence of a group-level interaction suggests comparable sensitivity in the two groups. Our results suggest that elementary-school-aged children with SLI are sensitive to the consistent spelling of roots, at least to the extent predicted by their general spelling abilities.
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Grade 3; Grade 4; Grade 5
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals; Test of Nonverbal Intelligence; Wide Range Achievement Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A