NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1021224
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
An Introduction to Propensity Scores: What, When, and How
Beal, Sarah J.; Kupzyk, Kevin A.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v34 n1 p66-92 Jan 2014
The use of propensity scores as a method to promote causality in studies that cannot use random assignment has increased dramatically since its original publication in 1983. While the utility of these approaches is important, the concepts underlying their use are complex. The purpose of this article is to provide a basic tutorial for conducting analyses using propensity scores and what researchers should be aware of in reading papers that choose propensity scores as a method, as well as in conducting their own research. In addition to the explanations given, examples are presented, based on actual studies, which illustrate the use of propensity scores for regression adjustment, stratification, and matching. The syntax, datasets, and output used for these examples are available on for readers to download and follow.
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A