ERIC Number: EJ1021119
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Hard Bigotry, Low Expectations and Soft Support: Educating American African Boys in the United States with the Warrior Method
Winbush, Raymond A.
Peabody Journal of Education, v88 n4 p464-473 2013
Educating American Africans boys has been a mixture of political rhetoric, educational pedagogy, and historical neglect. Although American African educators have produced several models for effectively educating Black boys, most of them are dismissed as too "radical" by White researchers who have little understanding or experience in observing these models in action. A brief review of educational approaches involving American African boys concludes that "epistemological racism" inhibits understanding how cultural differences influence learning among American African boys. The warrior method is one such model and is presented as just one alternative to traditional methods of educating Black boys.
Descriptors: African American Students, Males, Social Bias, Racial Discrimination, Expectation, Educational Methods, Cultural Influences, Culturally Relevant Education, Age Differences, Child Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A