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ERIC Number: EJ1021077
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1049-7315
Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review Assessing the Efficacy of Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
Panos, Patrick T.; Jackson, John W.; Hasan, Omar; Panos, Angelea
Research on Social Work Practice, v24 n2 p213-223 Mar 2014
Objective: The objective was to quantitatively and qualitatively examine the efficacy of DBT (e.g., decreasing life-threatening suicidal and parasuicidal acts, attrition, and depression) explicitly with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and using conservative assumptions and criteria, across treatment providers and settings. Method: Five randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were identified in a systematic search that examined the efficacy of DBT in reducing suicide attempts, parasuicidal behavior, attrition during treatment, or symptoms of depression, in adult patients with BPD. Results: Combining effect measures for suicide and parasuicidal behavior (five studies total) revealed a net benefit in favor of DBT (pooled Hedges' "g" -0.622). DBT was only marginally better than treatment as usual (TAU) in reducing attrition during treatment in five RCTs (pooled risk difference -0.168). DBT was not significantly different from TAU in reducing depression symptoms in three RCTs (pooled Hedges' "g" -0.896). Discussion: DBT demonstrates efficacy in stabilizing and controlling self-destructive behavior and improving patient compliance.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A