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ERIC Number: EJ1021054
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Feb
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0731-9487
Improving Multiplication Strategic Development in Children with Math Difficulties
Zhang, Dake; Xin, Yan Ping; Harris, Karleah; Ding, Yi
Learning Disability Quarterly, v37 n1 p15-30 Feb 2014
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of a strategic training program for improving students' performance in solving multiplication problems. The participants were 3 third graders with math difficulties. In this teaching experiment, microgenetic analysis was used to analyze improvement in students' strategic development and problem-solving accuracy. The instructional components included selective task assignment and OFSD (encouraging students to use "O"wn strategy to solve problems, providing "F"eedback, asking for students' "S"elf-explanations, and explicit "D"emonstration of strategies when needed). The results showed that the three participants began the intervention at different strategic developmental levels and consequently were given differentiated tasks to promote their strategic development during the intervention. In response to the intervention, the three participants improved their problem-solving accuracy, use of advanced strategies, and flexibility in choosing backup strategies.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A