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ERIC Number: EJ1020901
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0300-4430
Effects of Context and Facial Expression on Imitation Tasks in Preschool Children with Autism
Markodimitraki, Maria; Kypriotaki, Maria; Ampartzaki, Maria; Manolitsis, George
Early Child Development and Care, v183 n9 p1276-1292 2013
The present study explored the effect of the context in which an imitation act occurs (elicited/spontaneous) and the experimenter's facial expression (neutral or smiling) during the imitation task with young children with autism and typically developing children. The participants were 10 typically developing children and 10 children with autism (mean chronological age: 72 months). They were tested in imitation of tasks and facial expressions posed by the researcher. The results showed that, compared with typically developing children, children with autism: (a) engaged less in imitation of action with objects, (b) had more difficulties with the imitation of facial expressions in the elicited condition, and (c) performed less accurately both at imitating the experimenter's facial expression and on tasks involving the simultaneous imitation of action with objects and facial expression, and (d) the type of the experimenter's facial expression did not influence the imitative performance of either group in either the elicited or the spontaneous condition. The present study attempts to advance investigation of imitative ability and impairment in autism.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Greece