ERIC Number: EJ1020836
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 52
Negotiating the Constraints of Schools: Environmental Education Practices within a School District
Fazio, Xavier; Karrow, Douglas D.
Environmental Education Research, v19 n5 p639-655 2013
The purpose of this study was to explore environmental education (EE) practices within elementary and secondary schools. Using complementary mixed-methods (survey and focus groups), we detail these practices in schools ("n"?=?58) within one school district. Our findings are categorized according to classroom teaching conditions affecting EE, and whole-school perspectives of the supports and resources for EE in these schools. Our analyses reveal that while typical normative teaching and cultural constraints of schools are still evident (e.g. curriculum standards, school-level organization), there are identifiable practices involving administrators and teachers negotiating these challenges due to their personal commitment to schools and the environment. In particular was a provincial environmental certification program called "Ecoschools" supporting environmental educators' initiatives at their respective schools. We conclude with a discussion of recommendations based on an interpretation of our findings in relation to the school reform literature on how to enhance EE in schools and propose future research opportunities.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Environmental Education, Mixed Methods Research, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, School Districts, Educational Change, Literacy, Student Diversity, Online Surveys, Teacher Surveys, Likert Scales, Teaching Conditions, Principals, Focus Groups, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada