ERIC Number: EJ1020615
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
The Origins of Race-Conscious Affirmative Action in Undergraduate Admissions: A Comparative Analysis of Institutional Change in Higher Education
Stulberg, Lisa M.; Chen, Anthony S.
Sociology of Education, v87 n1 p36-52 Jan 2014
What explains the rise of race-conscious affirmative action policies in undergraduate admissions? The dominant theory posits that adoption of such policies was precipitated by urban and campus unrest in the North during the late 1960s. Based on primary research in a sample of 17 selective schools, we find limited support for the dominant theory. Affirmative action arose in two distinct waves during the 1960s. A first wave was launched in the early 1960s by northern college administrators inspired by nonviolent civil rights protests in the South. A second wave of affirmative action emerged in the late 1960s, primarily as a response to campus-based student protests. Most late-adopting schools were those most favored by the Protestant upper class. Our findings are most consistent with a theoretical perspective on institutional change in which social movements' effects are mediated by the moral and ideological beliefs of key administrators.
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, College Admission, Affirmative Action, Race, Educational Policy, Civil Rights, Moral Values, Administrator Attitudes, Educational History, Social Action, Geographic Regions, Equal Education, Racial Differences, Institutional Characteristics, Universities, Admission Criteria, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Connecticut; Illinois; Massachusetts; Michigan; New Hampshire; New Jersey; New York; Pennsylvania; Washington
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; Civil Rights Act 1964
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A