ERIC Number: EJ1020599
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Reference Count: 78
Heritage Language Education and the "National Interest"
Review of Research in Education, v38 n1 p166-188 Mar 2014
In this article, Jeff Bale reviews empirical research, policy analysis, and other forms of scholarly commentary on the long-standing rationale of framing language education in service of U.S. geopolitical and economic security. This synthesis directly calls into question the commonsense view that national security and economic competitiveness are the most expedient, if not the most effective, rationales for framing and implementing foreign and/or heritage language education policy in the United States. To substantiate this argument, this chapter is divided into three parts. First, Bale provides an historical overview of formal (and sometimes informal) language education policies tied to U.S. geopolitical and economic security. Second, he identifies and synthesizes three analytical stances within scholarship about this connection between language education policy and the "national interest," namely, technocratic, pragmatic, and critical approaches. He concludes the chapter by identifying several gaps in the literature on this complicated relationship between language learning and national security.
Descriptors: Policy Analysis, Educational Policy, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, National Security, Heritage Education, Native Language Instruction, Educational History, Economic Factors, Spanish, War, Research Methodology, Uncommonly Taught Languages, Financial Support, Educational Finance, Federal Legislation
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative; Opinion Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A