ERIC Number: EJ1020275
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Psychosocial Correlates of Physical and Sedentary Activities of Early Adolescent Youth
Rusby, Julie C.; Westling, Erika; Crowley, Ryann; Light, John M.
Health Education & Behavior, v41 n1 p42-51 Feb 2014
This study examines physical and sedentary activities of early adolescent boys and girls using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), a method that can link mood and behaviors in specific social situations. Twenty-seven assessments were collected across 7 days from 82 participating adolescents, three times in seventh grade and one time in eighth grade. Assessments were completed during nonschool hours when youth had "free time." Gender differences, longitudinal trends, and associations of physical activities (PA) and small screen recreation (SSR) with moods and peer presence are examined. Boys were engaged in PA more than girls. Patterns of PA differed by gender; boys significantly decreased PA from seventh to eighth grade, whereas girls had increased PA only during the spring. PA was associated with happier mood and was more likely to occur in the presence of peers. SSR significantly increased from seventh grade to eighth grade for both boys and girls. SSR occurred more when youth were alone and was not associated with mood. Neither PA nor SSR was more likely to occur during weekdays or weekends. Implications for intervention efforts to increase PA in youth are discussed.
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Correlation, Early Adolescents, Gender Differences, Health Behavior, Psychological Patterns, Grade 7, Grade 8, Trend Analysis, Longitudinal Studies, Peer Relationship, Middle School Students, Leisure Time, Rating Scales, Measures (Individuals)
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: Grade 7; Grade 8; Middle Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A