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ERIC Number: EJ1020004
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1096-2506
Strategies Used in Natural Environments to Promote Communication Development in Young Children at Risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Coogle, Christan Grygas; Floyd, Kim; Hanline, Mary Frances; Kellner-Hiczewski, Jacquie
Young Exceptional Children, v16 n3 p11-23 Sep 2013
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has documented that 1 in every 88 children is identified with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD; CDC, 2012). Autism is now recognized in children at an earlier age because most researchers agree autism can be reliably identified by the time children reach 24 months (Cox et al., 1999; Stone et al., 1999). Therefore, families who have young children at risk for or identified with ASD are increasing in the early intervention community (Henderson, 2009). Early intervention is recognized as an effective approach for children at risk for or identified with an ASD (National Research Council [NCR], 2001; Rogers & Vismara, 2008; Wetherby & Woods, 2006); the earlier these children receive intervention, the more positive, long-term outcomes will occur (Volkmar, Lord, Bailey, Schultz, & Klin, 2004). It is vital that early intervention enrich communication skills because this is one of the core deficits for children at risk for or identified with an ASD (Shumway & Wetherby, 2009) and the emergence of spoken language is a critical variable in predicting better outcomes in childhood and adulthood; children who exhibit communication and social delays, specifically those experiencing ASD, are at risk for developing problem behaviors and delays in literacy development (Horner, Carr, Strain, Todd, & Reed, 2002; Kamhi & Catts, 2005; Rayner, Foorman, Perfetti, Pesetsky, & Seidenberg, 2001; Tager-Flusberg et al., 2009). Numerous studies have demonstrated the positive effects of early intervention on language development for the majority of children with ASD (Rogers & Vismara, 2008; Tager-Flusberg et al., 2009). Therefore, the purpose of this article is to discuss evidence-based strategies for communication. Examples of how these strategies might be implemented in homes, early childhood education programs, and other natural environments, as well as additional web-based resources to understand and support communication development of young children at risk or identified with ASD are included.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A