ERIC Number: EJ1020002
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 124
Fostering Resilience among Urban Youth Exposed to Violence: A Promising Area for Interdisciplinary Research and Practice
Jain, Sonia; Cohen, Alison K.
Health Education & Behavior, v40 n6 p651-662 Dec 2013
Most studies to date have examined negative effects of exposure to community violence, in line with the deficit-based perspective. However, given that most youth exposed to community violence demonstrate positive adaptation or resilience over time, we suggest a shift in perspective, practices, and policies across systems toward identifying and building individual, family, and community assets and strengths that may more effectively support youth who have been exposed to community violence and related risks into competent, caring, and thriving adults. In this article, we review how resilience has been conceptualized and operationalized within the context of community violence, highlight gaps in literature, and offer directions for future public health research and practice. We illustrate this review with practice-based examples from public health work in the San Francisco Bay Area. Future multidisciplinary longitudinal studies that identify protective processes and successful trajectories and rigorous evaluations of strength-based policies, programs, and protective processes are needed.
Descriptors: Resilience (Psychology), Urban Youth, Violence, Interdisciplinary Approach, Neighborhoods, At Risk Persons, Adolescent Development, Literature Reviews, Environmental Influences, Adjustment (to Environment), Phenomenology, Individual Characteristics, Public Health
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
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