ERIC Number: EJ1019933
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
The Impact of Perceived Discrimination and Social Support on the School Performance of Multiethnic Sexual Minority Youth
Craig, Shelley L.; Smith, Mark S.
Youth & Society, v46 n1 p30-50 Jan 2014
Sexual minority youth are known to face increased risk of poor school performance; however, little research has focused on the educational experiences of multiethnic sexual minority youth (MSMY) in particular. Using venue-based sampling approaches, this study surveyed 255 MSMY at 15 urban high schools. The majority of participants identified as female (65%), Latina (58%), and bisexual (41%), with a mean age of 16. The use of structural equation modeling techniques found that 23% of the variance of school performance was explained by the multivariate model. Examination of the model path coefficients revealed that experiences of perceived discrimination had a powerfully negative influence on the school performance of MSMY. Whereas increased family support was associated with better school performance, neither peer nor school support had similar impact. In addition, levels of support did not significantly moderate the effect of perceived discrimination on MSMY.
Descriptors: Minority Groups, Urban Schools, At Risk Students, High School Students, Sexual Identity, Sexuality, Structural Equation Models, Student Surveys, Academic Achievement, Peer Relationship, Educational Environment, Family Influence, Social Discrimination, Student Attitudes, Stress Variables, Adolescents, Likert Scales, Social Support Groups, Racial Differences, Age Differences, Friendship
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Youth Risk Behavior Survey