ERIC Number: EJ1019912
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Fine and Gross Motor Task Performance When Using Computer-Based Video Models by Students with Autism and Moderate Intellectual Disability
Mechling, Linda C.; Swindle, Catherine O.
Journal of Special Education, v47 n3 p135-147 Nov 2013
This investigation examined the effects of video modeling on the fine and gross motor task performance by three students with a diagnosis of moderate intellectual disability (Group 1) and by three students with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (Group 2). Using a multiple probe design across three sets of tasks, the study examined the effectiveness of video modeling across differing types of motor response requirements (fine and gross motor) and whether effects would differ across disability groups. Results indicate an increase in the number of fine and gross motor tasks correctly performed following the introduction of video modeling. As a whole, students across both groups performed more gross motor than fine motor tasks independently correct and students in Group 1 performed more tasks independently correct than those in Group 2. Implications are discussed concerning evaluation of task requirements and the development of video models.
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Video Technology, Moderate Mental Retardation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Program Effectiveness, Intervention, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Students, Modeling (Psychology), Computer Uses in Education, Educational Technology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Battelle Developmental Inventory; Bayley Scales of Infant Development; Childhood Autism Rating Scale; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children; Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence