NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1019728
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0731-9487
Generative Strategies, Working Memory, and Word Problem Solving Accuracy in Children at Risk for Math Disabilities
Swanson, H. Lee; Moran, Amber S.; Bocian, Kathleen; Lussier, Cathy; Zheng, Xinhua
Learning Disability Quarterly, v36 n4 p203-214 Nov 2013
This study investigated the role of generative strategies and working memory capacity on word problem solving accuracy in children with math difficulties (MD). Within classrooms, children in Grade 3 with MD ("n" = 69) were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions: paraphrase question propositions (Restate), paraphrase relevant propositions (Relevant), and paraphrase all propositions (Complete), or to an untreated control. An additional control group included children without MD ("n" = 22). Mixed regression modeling showed that generative strategies significantly improved posttest scores for children with MD compared with the control condition, but outcomes were related to the type of dependent measures. The Relevant and Complete treatment conditions improved problem-solving accuracy, the Complete condition improved problem component identification, and the Restate and Relevant conditions improved operation span performance when compared with the control conditions. Only the Relevant and Complete generative learning treatments allowed children with MD to catch up to children without MD, but the results were moderated by working memory capacity.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Early Childhood Education; Primary Education; Grade 3
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Raven Progressive Matrices; Wechsler Individual Achievement Test; Wide Range Achievement Test
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R324A090002
What Works Clearinghouse Reviewed: Meets Evidence Standards without Reservations