ERIC Number: EJ1019659
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 41
The Role of Empowerment in a School-Based Community Service Program with Inner-City, Minority Youth
Gullan, Rebecca L.; Power, Thomas J.; Leff, Stephen S.
Journal of Adolescent Research, v28 n6 p664-689 Nov 2013
Despite considerable fiscal and structural support for youth service programs, research has not demonstrated consistent outcomes across participants or programs, suggesting the need to identify critical program processes. The present study addresses this need through preliminary examination of the role of program empowerment in promoting positive identity development in inner-city, African American youth participating in a pilot school-based service program. Results suggest that participants who experienced the program as empowering experienced increases in self-efficacy, sense of civic responsibility, and ethnic identity, over and above general engagement and enjoyment of the program. Preliminary exploration of differences based on participant gender suggests that some results may be stronger and more consistent for males than females. These findings provide preliminary support for the importance of theoretically grounded program processes in producing positive outcomes for youth service participants.
Descriptors: Service Learning, Empowerment, African Americans, Role, Urban Areas, Youth, Self Efficacy, Citizenship Responsibility, Self Concept, Ethnicity, Gender Differences, School Community Relationship, Minority Groups, Grade 6, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, Surveys, Poverty, Locus of Control, Measures (Individuals), Likert Scales, Pretests Posttests, Elementary School Students
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: Grade 6; Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure; Nowicki Strickland Locus of Control Scale; Self Efficacy Scale