ERIC Number: EJ1019647
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 66
The Prevalence, Types and Perceived Outcomes of Crisis Episodes in Early Adulthood and Midlife: A Structured Retrospective-Autobiographical Study
Robinson, Oliver C.; Wright, Gordon R. T.
International Journal of Behavioral Development, v37 n5 p407-416 Sep 2013
The objective of the study was to gain data on the prevalence, types and perceived outcomes of crisis episodes in three age decades of adult life: 20-29, 30-39 and 40-49. A further aim was to explore the relationship between crisis occurrence and empathy. A retrospective-autobiographical survey instrument and an empathy questionnaire were administered to 1023 UK-based adults. Prevalence data showed that crisis in the 20-29 decade was reported by 39% of men and 49% of women, while in the 30-39 decade 47% of men and 51% of women reported a crisis, and 46% of men and 59% of women reported a crisis occurring in the 40-49 decade. When prevalence rates were compared by participants' current age, a recency effect in crisis reporting was apparent. Work-related crises were more common in men, while relationship and family were more common in female crisis. The most common crisis contents across decades and genders were "divorce/relationship break-up" and "debt/financial" difficulties. Post-crisis growth was significantly lower in the 40-44 age range in men than in other age ranges for both genders. There was a positive relationship between self-report empathy and number of crisis episodes experienced.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adults, Young Adults, Experience, Empathy, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Memory, Incidence, Adult Development
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom