ERIC Number: EJ1019574
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Adaptation of Alcohol and Drug Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) to a Department of Intercollegiate Athletics: The COMPASS Project
Agley, Jon; Walker, Barbara B.; Gassman, Ruth A.
Health Education Journal, v72 n6 p647-659 Nov 2013
Objective: To develop and implement an intervention for problem alcohol and substance use among student athletes at a large Midwestern department of intercollegiate athletics in the USA, by use of screening, a brief intervention, referral to treatment (SBIRT) and motivational interviewing (MI). This paper outlines the development of the protocol, the way in which athletic staff members were trained to conduct SBIRT/MI interventions with student athletes who screened positive on the ASSIST screening tool, and the initial fidelity assessment used to demonstrate levels of athletic-staff learning and retention of the process. Design: The developmental phase of the project used focus groups. Athletic staff members were trained by a clinical psychologist, during two face-to-face sessions. The recorded practice sessions with student actors were assessed for adherence to project protocols and MI principles. Setting: This study was conducted at a large Midwestern university in the USA. Method: Four focus groups were held with a total of 29 individuals from distinct segments of the athletics department. Five athletic staff members were trained in SBIRT/MI. Each staff member completed between 4-8 practice sessions with student actors, which were later assessed for implementation fidelity. Results: In pilot testing with student actors, staff achieved "good" ([µ = 1.5 on a scale of 0-2) performance ratings on the majority of protocols and displayed mixed, but generally positive abilities to utilize MI techniques while avoiding MI-inconsistent behaviors. Conclusion: A relatively short training sequence can adequately prepare non-clinical staff members in an athletics department to be ready to deliver a SBIRT/MI-driven protocol to any future at-risk student-athletes identified by drug and alcohol screening.
Descriptors: Intervention, Alcohol Abuse, Drug Abuse, Referral, Athletes, Motivation, Interviews, Screening Tests, Fidelity, Focus Groups, Psychologists, At Risk Students, Behavior Change, Training, Interrater Reliability, College Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
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