ERIC Number: EJ1019507
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 82
A Phonologically Based Intervention for School-Age Children with Language Impairment: Implications for Reading Achievement
Ritter, Michaela J.; Park, Jungjun; Saxon, Terrill F.; Colson, Karen A.
Journal of Literacy Research, v45 n4 p356-385 Dec 2013
This study was conducted utilizing a quasi-experimental pre- and postgroup design to examine the effects of a phonologically based intervention aimed to improve phonological awareness (PA) and reading abilities in school-age children with language impairment (LI) in Grades 1 through 3. The intervention included instruction in PA and sound-symbol correspondence. Sixty-four school-age children with LI (Grades 1-3) were assigned to either an experimental ("n" = 34) or a control group ("n" = 30). Eleven kindergarten-age children with LI were then included as a comparison grade group to investigate whether the magnitude of treatment effect changed across grade level in the experimental group (K-3). Participants in the experimental group (Grades 1-3) made significantly greater gains in PA and reading (e.g., decoding and text comprehension) than the control group. Similar gains were observed across the varying grade levels (K-3). These results suggest that, despite being at risk of reading failure, school-age children with LI in Grades 1 through 3 have the potential to make accelerated gains in their reading development and in the PA skills that are essential to successful literacy acquisition.
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Intervention, Language Impairments, Elementary School Students, Program Effectiveness, Quasiexperimental Design, Pretests Posttests, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups, Experimental Colleges, Syllables, Phonemes, Orthographic Symbols, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://sagepub.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Grade 3; Kindergarten
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Woodcock Diagnostic Reading Battery