ERIC Number: EJ1019376
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Impulsivity, School Context, and School Misconduct
Vogel, Matt; Barton, Michael S.
Youth & Society, v45 n4 p455-479 Dec 2013
Impulsivity holds a central place in the explanations of adolescent delinquency. Recent research suggests that neighborhood characteristics, particularly SES (socioeconomic status), perceived supervision, and collective efficacy, moderate the association between impulsivity and delinquency. However, findings to date have been equivocal, and the relationships between social context, impulsivity, and delinquency remain an open question. This study builds on the current literature by examining the moderating influence of a second context, the high school, on the relationship between impulsivity and delinquency. The authors focus explicitly on self-reported delinquency that has occurred on school grounds, referred to here as school misconduct. Results of hierarchical logistic regression models using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health suggest that the relationship between impulsivity and two measures of misconduct vary significantly across schools. Moreover, the relationship between impulsivity and weapon carrying is stronger in schools characterized by a limited sense of connectedness among students.
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Delinquency, Adolescents, Social Influences, Correlation, High Schools, Environmental Influences, High School Students, Longitudinal Studies, Learner Engagement, Interviews, Student Characteristics, Racial Differences, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Regression (Statistics), Weapons, Substance Abuse
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A