ERIC Number: EJ1019372
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Motor Development in Children at Risk of Autism: A Follow-Up Study of Infant Siblings
Leonard, Hayley C.; Bedford, Rachael; Charman, Tony; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Johnson, Mark H.; Hill, Elisabeth L.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v18 n3 p281-291 Apr 2014
Recently, evidence of poor or atypical motor skills in autism spectrum disorder has led some to argue that motor impairment is a core feature of the condition. The current study uses a longitudinal prospective design to assess the development of motor skills of 20 children at increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorder, who were recruited and tested at 9 and 40 months of age, on the basis of having an older sibling diagnosed with the condition. All children completed a range of motor, face processing, IQ and diagnostic assessments at a follow-up visit (aged 5-7 years), providing a detailed profile of development in this group from a number of standardised, parental report and experimental measures. A higher proportion of children than expected demonstrated motor difficulties at the follow-up visit and those highlighted by parental report as having poor motor skills as infants and toddlers were also more likely to have lower face processing scores and elevated autism-related social symptoms at 5-7 years, despite having similar IQ levels. These data lend support to the argument that early motor difficulties may be a risk factor for later motor impairment as well as differences in social communication and cognition, traits that are related to autism spectrum disorder.
Descriptors: Motor Development, At Risk Students, Autism, Infants, Longitudinal Studies, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diagnostic Tests, Intelligence Tests, Disability Identification, Profiles, Psychomotor Skills, Cognitive Structures, Outcome Measures, Standardized Tests, Followup Studies, Siblings, Foreign Countries, Questionnaires
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Publication Type: Reports - Research; Journal Articles
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Mullen Scales of Early Learning; Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; Block Design Test; Bruininks Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales; Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A