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ERIC Number: EJ1019350
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Dec
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1063-4266
Symptoms of Depression Depend on Rigid Parenting Attitudes, Gender, and Race in an At-Risk Sample of Early Adolescents
Weed, Keri; Morales, Dawn A.; Harjes, Rachel
Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, v21 n4 p250-263 Dec 2013
Trajectories of depressive symptoms were compared between European American and African American boys and girls from ages 8 to 14 in a longitudinal sample of 130 children born to adolescent mothers. Mixed-effects regression modeling was used to analyze individual and group differences in level of depressive symptoms and their changes over time. Time-varying predictors included rigid parenting attitudes, maternal depression, and maternal educational attainment. African American boys reported more symptoms of depression at age 8 than African American girls or European American boys or girls. Symptoms of depression increased over time only for European American girls. Rigid parenting attitudes, but not maternal depression or maternal educational attainment, were associated with children's depressive symptoms. Results substantiate the importance of differentiating groups by gender and race in conceptual models of depression.
SAGE Publications and Hammill Institute on Disabilities. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Beck Depression Inventory; Child Abuse Potential Inventory; Childrens Depression Inventory
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A