ERIC Number: EJ1019302
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
Adaptive Function in Preschoolers in Relation to Developmental Delay and Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: Insights from a Clinical Sample
Milne, Susan L.; McDonald, Jenny L.; Comino, Elizabeth J.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v17 n6 p743-753 Nov 2013
This study aims to explore the relationship between developmental ability, autism and adaptive skills in preschoolers. Adaptive function was assessed in 152 preschoolers with autism, with and without developmental delay, and without autism, with and without developmental delay. Their overall adaptive function, measured by the general adaptive composite on the Adaptive Behaviour Assessment System, was closely correlated to developmental ability as measured by the general quotient on the Griffith Mental Development Scales. Children with autism performed significantly less well on both scales. Domain scores discriminated between children with and without autism, with poorer performance on both the social and practical domain scores for children with autism, even when controlling for the effects of development. Children with average development, both with and without autism, had lower adaptive skills than expected for their developmental level. The importance of considering domain scores as well as the general adaptive composite when determining support needs is emphasised.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Delays, Adjustment (to Environment), Preschool Children, Child Development, Correlation, Scores, Foreign Countries, Regression (Statistics), Multivariate Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule; Child Behavior Checklist; Childhood Autism Rating Scale