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ERIC Number: EJ1019219
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Oct
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0013-9165
Fear Perceptions in Public Parks: Interactions of Environmental Concealment, the Presence of People Recreating, and Gender
Jorgensen, Lisa J.; Ellis, Gary D.; Ruddell, Edward
Environment and Behavior, v45 n7 p803-820 Oct 2013
This research examined the effect of concealment (environmental cues), presence or absence of people recreating (social cues), and gender on individuals' fear of crime in a community park setting. Using a 7-point single-item indicator, 732 participants from two samples (540 park visitors and 192 college students) rated their estimates of fear of crime to 24 photographic representations of a community park. All three, two-factor interaction effects were significant in the park visitor sample, but in the student sample, only the Presence of People Recreating × Gender effect was significant. These results suggest that social and environmental cues may jointly affect fear experiences and that the presence of other people recreating in a park environment and the gender of an individual may influence fear of crime when recreating alone in a park setting. Implications include design and management techniques that promote safe park environments.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Utah
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A