ERIC Number: EJ1019199
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
Collective Bargaining, Transfer Rights, and Disadvantaged Schools
Anzia, Sarah F.; Moe, Terry M.
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, v36 n1 p83-111 Mar 2014
Collective bargaining is common in American public education, but its consequences are poorly understood. We focus here on key contractual provisions--seniority-based transfer rights--that affect teacher assignments, and we show that these transfer rights operate to burden disadvantaged schools with higher percentages of inexperienced teachers. We also show that this impact is conditional: It is substantial in large districts, where decisions are likely to follow rules, but it is virtually zero in small districts, where decisions tend to be less formal and undesirable outcomes can more easily be avoided. The negative consequences are thus concentrated on precisely those districts and schools--large districts, high-minority schools--that have been the nation's worst performers and the most difficult to improve.
Descriptors: Collective Bargaining, School Districts, Minority Group Students, Disadvantaged Schools, Faculty Mobility, Teaching Experience, Teacher Placement, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy, Unions, Guidelines, Class Size, Teacher Transfer, Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A