ERIC Number: EJ1019185
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
Proximity and Visibility of Fruits and Vegetables Influence Intake in a Kitchen Setting among College Students
Privitera, Gregory J.; Creary, Heather E.
Environment and Behavior, v45 n7 p876-886 Oct 2013
The hypothesis that participants will eat more fruits (apple slices) and vegetables (carrot cuts) if they are made more proximate and visible was tested using a 2 × 2 between-participants design. Proximity was manipulated by placing fruits and vegetables in a bowl at a table where participants sat (near) or 2 m from the table (far). Visibility was manipulated by placing fruits and vegetables in an opaque bowl that was covered (not visible) or in a clear bowl that was open (visible). The results showed that placing apple slices and carrot cuts in closer proximity to participants increased intake of these healthy foods. Making these foods more visible increased intake of apple slices but not carrot cuts, possibly because fruits taste sweet and so may be more motivationally salient than bitter-tasting carrots. Regardless, these data are the first to demonstrate experimentally that the proximity and visibility of fruits and vegetables can influence intake of these foods.
Descriptors: Proximity, Food, Dietetics, College Students, Eating Habits, Environmental Influences, Dining Facilities, Comparative Analysis, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, Gender Differences, Body Composition, Interaction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
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