ERIC Number: EJ1019021
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
A Randomised Group Comparison Controlled Trial of "Preschoolers with Autism": A Parent Education and Skills Training Intervention for Young Children with Autistic Disorder
Tonge, Bruce; Brereton, Avril; Kiomall, Melissa; Mackinnon, Andrew; Rinehart, Nicole J.
Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, v18 n2 p166-177 Feb 2014
Aim: To determine the effect of parent education on adaptive behaviour, autism symptoms and cognitive/language skills of young children with autistic disorder. Method: A randomised group comparison design involving a parent education and counselling intervention and a parent education and behaviour management intervention to control for parent skills training and a control sample. Two rural and two metropolitan regions were randomly allocated to intervention groups ("n" = 70) or control ("n" = 35). Parents from autism assessment services in the intervention regions were randomly allocated to parent education and behaviour management ("n" = 35) or parent education and counselling ("n" = 35). Results: Parent education and behaviour management resulted in significant improvement in adaptive behaviour and autism symptoms at 6 months follow-up for children with greater delays in adaptive behaviour. Parent education and behaviour management was superior to parent education and counselling. We conclude that a 20-week parent education programme including skills training for parents of young children with autistic disorder provides significant improvements in child adaptive behaviour and symptoms of autism for low-functioning children.
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Parent Education, Intervention, Parent Counseling, Parenting Skills, Training, Adjustment (to Environment), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Child Behavior, Psychological Patterns, Cognitive Development, Language Acquisition, Program Effectiveness, Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Adult Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Developmental Behavior Checklist; Reynell Developmental Language Scales; Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales