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ERIC Number: EJ1018869
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug-26
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1068-2341
Education Policies for Gender Equity: Probing into State Responses
Stromquist, Nelly P.
Education Policy Analysis Archives, v21 n65 Aug 2013
The implementation of non-discriminatory sex legislation provides theoretical and empirical grounds to examine responses by the state to gender equality. Tracing the trajectory of one such law in the U.S.--Title IX--over a period of 40 years, this study analyzes the extent to which the state: (1) acted as a unitary body, and (2) functioned to dismantle its own oppressive gender features. By examining the federal government's three core branches (executive, legislative, and judicial), the study finds differential responses by branch, with the greatest variability expressed by the executive branch, revealing the state to be less than a coherent institution. The study also shows only modest efforts to enforce the law, raising doubts about the commitment of the state to transform the social relations of gender. The state's framing of gender equality exclusively in terms of non-discriminatory practices falls short of fostering changes in gender mentalities and identities in U.S. educational institutions--an outcome reflected in the persistent gender clustering of fields of study at the university level.
Colleges of Education at Arizona State University and the University of South Florida. c/o Editor, USF EDU162, 4202 East Fowler Avenue, Tampa, FL 33620-5650. Tel: 813-974-3400; Fax: 813-974-3826; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Carl D Perkins Vocational Education Act 1984; Civil Rights Act 1964 Title IV; Davis v Monroe County Board of Education; Education Amendments 1972; Equal Pay Act 1963; Grove City College v Bell; Title IX Education Amendments 1972
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A