ERIC Number: EJ1018666
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
The International Bureau of Education (1925-1968): A Platform for Designing a "Chart of World Aspirations for Education"
Hofstetter, Rita; Schneuwly, Bernard
European Educational Research Journal, v12 n2 p215-230 2013
The international conferences and the official publications of the International Bureau of Education (IBE) comprise a platform where a growing number of governments exposed their considerations and concerns with the purpose of building up a better world through education. The resulting recommendations foster the basis of an "international code for public education". The voluminous archives of the IBE comprise a particularly fertile source for understanding "the variant and invariants", and of course also the purposes of school organisations and curricula as promoted by these organisations. The paradoxes of this effort carried out during the first forty years represent both the challenges for its survival and the outline of this article: (a) giving up on all obligations and political statements so as to ensure effective actions at governmental level; (b) documenting local needs so as to establish a world chart; (c) supporting mass schooling through state involvement for promoting individual emancipation; (d) promoting curricula designed on separate subjects so as to guarantee harmonious complete personal growth; (e) advocating scientific objectivity for spreading the method and principles of New Education; (f) acting upon public schooling, the reserved hunting grounds of nations, for building up international education.
Descriptors: Educational History, International Organizations, Educational Objectives, Public Education, Political Attitudes, Government Role, Decision Making, Curriculum Design, International Education, Individual Development, Conferences (Gatherings), Educational Opportunities, Economic Development, Mass Instruction, Equal Education, Educational Administration
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A