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ERIC Number: EJ1018381
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0018-2133
Subversive English in "Raining Backwards": A Different Kind of Spanglish
Alvarez, Stephanie
Hispania, v96 n3 p444-459 Sep 2013
This essay explores the relationship(s) between English and Spanish in the novel "Raining Backwards" (1988) by Cuban American Roberto G. Fernandez. While the many linked plots and characters suggest many protagonists, this study demonstrates how language itself takes on the role of protagonist. Through the author's use of calques and hispanisms, a seemingly English text uncovers the hidden Spanish of the novel. I argue that Fernandez, therefore, creates a Spanglish text that, through the use of subversive English, provides a unique way of preserving the transcultural and linguistic memory of Cuban Miami.
American Association of Teachers of Spanish and Portuguese, Inc. 900 Ladd Road, Walled Lake, MI 48390. Tel: 248-960-2180; Fax: 248-960-9570; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Florida
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A