ERIC Number: EJ1017990
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Positivity Coping Style and Tobacco and Alcohol Use in Adolescence
Lara, M. Dolores; Bermudez, Jose; Perez-Garcia, Ana M.
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v11 n2 p345-366 Sep 2013
Introduction: Adolescence is a period when at-risk health behaviors often begin, such as tobacco and alcohol use; thus, it is a critical period for implementing preventive strategies. Method: In this context, 106 adolescents took part in this research (54 females and 52 males; mean age for both groups = 14.10). The main objectives were to first study the relationships between psychosocial factors, such as "coping style" and the new construct of "positivity," and "tobacco and alcohol use"; then to analyze the potential effect of gender and age differences. Results: Results revealed (1) significant relationships among "coping," "positivity," and substance use; (2) that these effects were modulated by age and gender, and (3) that "positivity" was one of the most significant predictors of "tobacco and alcohol" use, having a protective role. Conclusion: Results concerning the contribution of "coping style," "age" and "gender" in explaining adolescents' "tobacco and alcohol" use tend to be consistent with previous research on this topic. On the other hand, results regarding the "positivity" dimension constitute a novel contribution to the research in this area, suggesting its significant protective role against the development of risk behaviors such as "tobacco and alcohol use."
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescents, Smoking, Drinking, Coping, Personality Traits, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Secondary School Students, Self Esteem, Life Satisfaction, Psychological Patterns, Multivariate Analysis, Multiple Regression Analysis
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site: http://www.investigacion-psicopedagogica.org/revista/new/english/presentacion.php
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Spain
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A