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ERIC Number: EJ1017974
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1696-2095
Crossword Puzzles as a Learning Tool for Vocabulary Development
Orawiwatnakul, Wiwat
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, v11 n2 p413-428 Sep 2013
Introduction: Since vocabulary is a key basis on which reading achievement depends, various vocabulary acquisition techniques have become pivotal. Among the many teaching approaches, traditional or otherwise, the use of crossword puzzles seems to offer potential and a solution for the problem of learning vocabulary. Method: This study was conducted to examine the effects of crossword puzzles on vocabulary acquisition of first-year students. Sixty-eight students enrolled in a fundamental English course participated in the study. The instruments were pre-and post-vocabulary tests and a questionnaire surveying the students' attitudes toward learning. Results: The findings revealed that the students' overall post-test score was higher than their pre-test score at a significance level of 0.05. When classifying students into three groups based on their vocabulary proficiency, it was found that students in all groups could improve their vocabulary knowledge at a significance level of 0.05. The results from Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance test showed that significant differences existed in the scores of the three tests which students gained from the tests and the final exam. The results of the questionnaire also illustrated their very favorable attitudes toward learning vocabulary through crosswords as a whole. Discussion and Conclusion: Crossword puzzles can help students improve vocabulary knowledge, meanwhile increase their learning motivation.
University of Almeria, Education & Psychology I+D+i. Faculty of Psychology Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 LaCanada de San Urbano, Almeria, Spain. Tel: +34-950-015354; Fax: +34-950-015083; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Thailand (Bangkok)
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A