ERIC Number: EJ1017899
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2014-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Declarative and Procedural Memory as Individual Differences in Second Language Acquisition
Morgan-Short, Kara; Faretta-Stutenberg, Mandy; Brill-Schuetz, Katherine A.; Carpenter, Helen; Wong, Patrick C. M.
Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, v17 n1 p56-72 Jan 2014
This study examined how individual differences in cognitive abilities account for variance in the attainment level of adult second language (L2) syntactic development. Participants completed assessments of declarative and procedural learning abilities. They subsequently learned an artificial L2 under implicit training conditions and received extended comprehension and production practice using the L2. Syntactic development was assessed at both early and late stages of acquisition. Results indicated positive relationships between declarative learning ability and syntactic development at early stages of acquisition and between procedural learning ability and development at later stages of acquisition. Individual differences in these memory abilities accounted for a large amount of variance at both stages of development. The findings are consistent with theoretical perspectives of L2 that posit different roles for these memory systems at different stages of development, and suggest that declarative and procedural memory learning abilities may predict L2 grammatical development, at least for implicitly trained learners.
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Cognitive Ability, Memory, Second Language Learning, Bilingualism, Syntax, Language Tests, Linguistic Theory, Correlation, Artificial Languages, Prediction, Grammar, Learning Theories
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
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