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ERIC Number: EJ1017122
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 37
Who Says: "No Fair!"? What Personality and an Experiment in Educational Value Tell Us about Perceptions of Costs and Benefits of Research Pool Requirements
Cromer, Lisa DeMarni; Reynolds, Shannon M.; Johnson, Mitchell D.
Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, v13 n3 p134-155 Aug 2013
Human subject pools (HSPs) are the basis for much psychological research. There is an explicit assumption that participants receive benefits from their participation, however there is little empirical research about the costs/benefits of participation. We conducted two studies with undergraduate psychology students to evaluate factors that can affect the cost/benefit ratio. Study 1 (N = 46) examined Big Five personality characteristics and number of psychology courses taken, in relation to perceived benefits. There were depreciating returns for on-going participation but no personality differences in ratings. Study 2 (N = 50) used a quasi-experimental design to manipulate educational value. Half of the participants completed an educational assignment that integrated their HSP research experience into course material. Students who completed the educational assignment had a strong sense of contributing to scientific knowledge whereas students who had no such assignment did not. Implications for increasing educational value in HSPs are discussed.
Descriptors: Psychological Studies, Undergraduate Students, Personality Traits, Cost Effectiveness, Individual Differences, Student Attitudes, Educational Benefits, Comparative Analysis, Assignments, College Curriculum, Degree Requirements, Student Participation, Quasiexperimental Design
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A