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ERIC Number: EJ1016901
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1306-3065
Turkish High School Students' Ideas about Invertebrates: General Characteristics and Classification
Cinici, Ayhan
International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, v8 n4 p645-661 2013
Identifying alternative conceptions is a vital part of teaching and learning in science because it provides information about students' ideas to both themselves and their teachers. In this context, the purpose of the current study is twofold. The first aim is to examine high school students' alternative conceptions about general characteristics and classification of invertebrates. The second aim is to elicit high school students' ability to classify invertebrates. A total of 127 grade 10 and 129 grade 11 students (aged 15-17 years) from four Turkish Anatolian high schools participated in the study. Data were collected using the Animal Classification Test (ACT) and through interviews. A wide range of alternative conceptions emerged and the origin of these alternative conceptions are discussed. Furthermore, the results indicated that although the students could correctly recognize the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates (Phyla), they had failed to recognize the corresponding sub-categories (Classes). As a consequence, it was asserted that when the students classified the animals, they took into consideration only the animals' external views, habitats, nutrition and movement types and similarities in the functions of their organs. Thus the students used analogical approaches based on empirical classification criteria.
International Consortium for the Advancement of Academic Publication. Abant Izzet Baysal University, Faculty of Education, 14280 Golkoy-Bolu, Turkey. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A