ERIC Number: EJ1016825
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Space Physiology within an Exercise Physiology Curriculum
Carter, Jason R.; West, John B.
Advances in Physiology Education, v37 n3 p220-226 Sep 2013
Compare and contrast strategies remain common pedagogical practices within physiological education. With the support of an American Physiological Society Teaching Career Enhancement Award, we have developed a junior- or senior-level undergraduate curriculum for exercise physiology that compares and contrasts the physiological adaptations of chronic terrestrial exercise (TEx) and microgravity ([mu]G). We used a series of peer-reviewed publications to demonstrate that many of the physiological adaptations to TEx and [mu]G are opposite. For example, TEx typically improves cardiovascular function and orthostatic tolerance, whereas [mu]G can lead to declines in both. TEx leads to muscle hypertrophy, and [mu]G elicits muscle atrophy. TEx increases bone mineral density and red blood cell mass, whereas [mu]G decreases bone mineral density and red blood cell mass. Importantly, exercise during spaceflight remains a crucial countermeasure to limit some of these adverse physiological adaptations to [mu]G. This curriculum develops critical thinking skills by dissecting peer-reviewed articles and discussing the strengths and weaknesses associated with simulated and actual [mu]G studies. Moreover, the curriculum includes studies on both animals and humans, providing a strong translational component to the curriculum. In summary, we have developed a novel space physiology curriculum delivered during the final weeks of an exercise physiology course in which students gain critical new knowledge that reinforces key concepts presented throughout the semester.
Descriptors: Physiology, Science Education, Exercise Physiology, Undergraduate Students, Undergraduate Study, Physics, Scientific Concepts, Comparative Analysis, Animals, Human Body, Science Curriculum, College Curriculum, Program Implementation
American Physiological Society. 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814-3991. Tel: 301-634-7164; Fax: 301-634-7241; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://advan.physiology.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: California; Michigan
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A