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ERIC Number: EJ1016464
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Mar
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-2154-1647
From Initial Phonics to Functional Phonics: Teaching Word-Analysis Skills to Students with Moderate Intellectual Disability
Fredrick, Laura D.; Davis, Dawn H.; Alberto, Paul A.; Waugh, Rebecca E.
Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, v48 n1 p49-66 Mar 2013
Reading instruction for students with MoID is typically limited to sight-word instruction. We developed a 2-part, phonetic instructional sequence based upon Direct Instruction teaching methodology to teach students with MoID word-analysis skills that generalize to untaught words encountered in their environment. Elementary and middle-school students with MoID learned word-analysis skills using simultaneous prompting procedures to explicitly teach verbal imitation of sounds, letter-sound correspondences, retrieval of learned letter-sounds to a predetermined rate of automaticity, and blending with telescoping. After demonstrating mastery of the word-analysis skills the students generalized taught blending skills to untaught CVC words; functional, community words; and environmental, connected-text phrases. A changing-criterion design embedded within a multiple baseline across sound and word sets was implemented for 3 elementary and 2 middle-school students diagnosed with MoID. Students reached mastery criterion for each phase of Initial Phonics and Functional Phonics, and a functional relation was demonstrated between the instructional sequence and students' acquisition of word-analysis skills.
Division on Autism and Developmental Disabilities, Council for Exceptional Children. DDD, P.O. Box 3512, Fayetteville, AR 72702. Tel: 479-575-3326; Fax: 479-575-6676; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R324A070144