ERIC Number: EJ1016201
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013
Abstractor: As Provided
The Early Childhood Care and Education Workforce from 1990 through 2010: Changing Dynamics and Persistent Concerns
Bassok, Daphna; Fitzpatrick, Maria; Loeb, Susanna; Paglayan, Agustina S.
Education Finance and Policy, v8 n4 p581-601 Fall 2013
Historically, the early childhood care and education (ECCE) workforce has been characterized as a low-education, low-compensation, low-stability workforce. In recent years, considerable investments have been made to correct this, but we lack evidence about the extent to which these investments were accompanied by changes in the characteristics of the workforce. Using nationally representative data, we find that the historical characterization of the ECCE workforce continues to apply. However, we also find that the average educational attainment, compensation, and stability of ECCE workers increased substantially from 1990 to 2010. Surprisingly, the shift in the composition of the ECCE workforce toward more regulated settings and away from home-based settings is not the primary driver of these changes. Contrary to our expectations, gains within the home-based workforce are the primary drivers, though the education and wages of home-based workers remain substantially lower than among formal-care workers.
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, Educational Attainment, Compensation (Remuneration), Salary Wage Differentials, Job Satisfaction, Child Caregivers, Performance Technology, Persistence, Performance Factors, Change Strategies, Labor Conditions, Personnel Policy
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A