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ERIC Number: EJ1016098
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Nov
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0142-7164
Testing the Statistical Learning of Spelling Patterns by Manipulating Semantic and Orthographic Frequency
Deacon, S. Helene; Leung, Dilys
Applied Psycholinguistics, v34 n6 p1093-1108 Nov 2013
This study tested the diverging predictions of recent theories of children's learning of spelling regularities. We asked younger (Grades 1 and 2) and older (Grades 3 and 4) elementary school-aged children to choose the correct endings for words that varied in their morphological structure. We tested the impacts of semantic frequency by including three types of words ending in "-er", derived and inflected forms, the first of which are far more frequent across the language, and one-morpheme control forms. Both younger and older children were more likely to choose the correct ending for derived forms over one-morpheme control words. This difference emerged for inflected forms only for the older children. We also tested the impacts of orthographic frequency by contrasting performance on the two derived allomorphs "-er" and "-or", the first of which is far more frequent, and comparison one-morpheme forms. Both younger and older children were more likely to choose the correct spelling for the derivational "-er" over the same letter pattern in control words. This difference did not emerge in either group for the "-or" ending. The implications of these findings for current models of children's spelling development are discussed.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A