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ERIC Number: EJ1015752
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Jun
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Consonant Accuracy after Severe Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: A Prospective Cohort Study
Campbell, Thomas F.; Dollaghan, Christine; Janosky, Janine; Rusiewicz, Heather Leavy; Small, Steven L.; Dick, Frederic; Vick, Jennell; Adelson, P. David
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v56 n3 p1023-1034 Jun 2013
Purpose: The authors sought to describe longitudinal changes in Percentage of Consonants Correct--Revised (PCC-R) after severe pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI), to compare the odds of normal-range PCC-R in children injured at older and younger ages, and to correlate predictor variables and PCC-R outcomes. Method: In 56 children injured between age 1 month and 11 years, PCC-R was calculated over 12 monthly sessions beginning when the child produced greater than or equal to 10 words. At each session, the authors compared odds of normal-range PCC-R in children injured at younger (less than or equal to 60 months) and older (greater than 60 months) ages. Correlations were calculated between final PCC-R and age at injury, injury mechanism, gender, maternal education, residence, treatment, Glasgow Coma Score, and intact brain volume. Results: PCC-Rs varied within and between children. Odds of normal-range PCC-R were significantly higher for the older than for the younger group at all sessions but the first; odds of normal-range PCC-R were 9 to 33 times higher in the older group in sessions 3 to 12. Age at injury was significantly correlated with final PCC-R. Conclusion: Over a 12-month period, severe TBI had more adverse effects for children whose ages placed them in the most intensive phase of PCC-R development than for children injured later. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: subscribe@asha.org; Web site: http://jslhr.asha.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A