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ERIC Number: EJ1015657
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
The Effects of Production Demands on Grammatical Weaknesses in Specific Language Impairment: The Case of Clitic Pronouns in Italian
Leonard, Laurence B.; Dispaldro, Marco
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v56 n4 p1272-1286 Aug 2013
Purpose: Extended optional use of direct object clitic pronouns (e.g., "la" in "Paula la vede" ["Paula sees her"]) appears to be a clinical marker for specific language impairment (SLI) in Italian. In this study, we examined whether sentence production demands might influence the degree to which Italian-speaking children with SLI produced clitics. Method: Preschool-age children with SLI ("n" = 15) and 2 groups of younger typically developing children ("n" = 15 each) participated. Production demands were varied through use of a syntactic priming task. Results: The children with SLI were more likely than the comparison children to omit the clitic in a control condition in which they had to describe a target picture without the benefit of a preceding sentence prime. The children with SLI were also more likely to describe target pictures using a default clitic or a clitic that had appeared in the preceding prime sentence but was inappropriate for the target. Conclusions: The findings suggest that children with SLI have difficulty generating a sentence containing a grammatical slot for a clitic when production demands are increased, and when they succeed in generating such a sentence, they often cannot at the same time retrieve the appropriate clitic form. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A