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ERIC Number: EJ1015651
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Aug
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1092-4388
Factors that Influence Fast Mapping in Children Exposed to Spanish and English
Alt, Mary; Meyers, Christina; Figueroa, Cecilia
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, v56 n4 p1237-1248 Aug 2013
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether children exposed to 2 languages would benefit from the phonotactic probability cues of a single language in the same way as monolingual peers and to determine whether crosslinguistic influence would be present in a fast-mapping task. Method: Two groups of typically developing children (monolingual English and bilingual Spanish-English) took part in a computer-based fast-mapping task that manipulated phonotactic probability. Children were preschool-aged ("N" = 50) or school-aged ("N" = 34). Fast mapping was assessed through name-identification and naming tasks. Data were analyzed using mixed analyses of variance with post hoc testing and simple regression. Results: Bilingual and monolingual preschoolers showed sensitivity to English phonotactic cues in both tasks, but bilingual preschoolers were less accurate than monolingual peers in the naming task. School-aged bilingual children had nearly identical performance to monolingual peers. Conclusion: Knowing that children exposed to two languages can benefit from the statistical cues of a single language can help inform ideas about instruction and assessment for bilingual learners. (Contains 2 tables.)
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Preschool Education; Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arizona
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Expressive One Word Picture Vocabulary Test; Mean Length of Utterance; Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A