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ERIC Number: EJ1015466
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-May
Pages: 3
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0031-7217
Reform before NCLB
Desimone, Laura M.
Phi Delta Kappan, v94 n8 p59-61 May 2013
The author compared NCLB-prompted standards-based reforms with earlier reforms and found that earlier manifestations of standards-based reforms may have been more productive and constructive. NCLB, with its emphasis on accountability through high-stakes testing, has produced many perverse results alongside documented achievement gains, the author said. She reasons that the earlier attempts at standards-based reform and accountability were more closely aligned with the theoretical vision of standards-based reform than later manifestations codified under NCLB, which has moved us away from school and teacher discretion, and placed less emphasis on the need for teacher buy-in. Instead, rewards and sanctions have become the primary mechanism for fostering change.
Phi Delta Kappa International. 408 North Union Street, P.O. Box 789, Bloomington, IN 47402. Tel: 800-766-1156; Fax: 812-339-0018; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Grade 4; Grade 7
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001; Race to the Top
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A